霍勒大妈

霍勒大妈

霍勒大妈

霍勒大妈主要内容

这个故事说的是,有一个人她有两个女儿,一个很勤劳美丽,一个丑陋懒惰,但因为那个丑陋懒惰的才是他的亲身女儿,所以偏心与她,另外一个却成了家里的灰姑娘。什么活都是她干。可怜的姑娘不小心掉入井中,来到了一片美丽的草地上,遇见了霍勒太太,于是便天天帮霍勒太太干活。生活了很长时间,她慢慢想家了。霍勒太太让她回去,作为报酬,霍勒太太一开大门,就下起了很急的金雨,那位姑娘身上沾满了金子。她回到家之后讲了自己的经历,那个人也让那个又丑又懒惰的姑娘去碰碰运气。丑姑娘来到了那里,也见着了霍勒太太,并愿意帮着干活。丑姑娘第一天强装着勤快,想着会下金雨,可第二天发的越懒,早上都不起床了。霍勒太太说不用她了。丑姑娘以为马上要下金雨,其实下的不是金雨,是一大锅沥青。故事中,美丽的那个姑娘天天帮霍勒太太干活,得到了金雨,而丑姑娘第二天就开始懒惰,得到的是一大锅沥青。

霍勒大妈的故事

从前,有一个寡妇,膝下有两个女儿,一个既漂亮又勤劳,而另一个则又丑又懒。寡妇却格外疼爱又丑又懒的那一个,因为是她的亲生女儿;另一个呢,不得不什么活儿都干,成了家里名副其实的灰姑娘。可怜的姑娘每天必须坐到大路旁的水井边纺线,不停地纺啊纺,一直纺到手指磨破了血。

有一天,纺锤全让血给染红了,姑娘打算用井水把它洗干净,不料纺锤脱了手,掉进井里。姑娘一路哭着跑到继母跟前,对她说了这件不幸的事。继母听了,把姑娘臭骂了一顿,还威逼她说,除非她把纺锤从井里捞出来,不然就饶不了她。姑娘回到井边,不知如何是好。后来,她害怕再遭继母的斥骂,就跳进了井里。在井里,她失去了知觉,等苏醒过来时,发现自己躺在一片美丽的草地上,草地沐浴着灿烂的阳光,四周环绕着万紫千红的花朵,各自争妍斗艳。她站起身来,向草地的前方走去,在一座烤炉旁停下了脚步,发现烤炉里装满了面包。

面包对她说:“快把我取出来,快把我取出来,不然,我就要被烤焦啦。我在里面已经被烤了很久很久啦。”

姑娘走上前去,拿起面包铲,把面包一个接一个地全取了出来。随后,她继续往前走,来到一棵果实累累的苹果树下,果树冲她大喊大叫:“摇一摇我啊,摇一摇我啊,满树的苹果全都熟透啦。”

于是,姑娘用力摇动果树,苹果雨点般纷纷落下,直到树上一个也不剩了,她才停下来;接着她又把苹果一个个捡起来堆放在一起,然后又继续往前走。

最后,姑娘来到一幢小房子前,只见一个老太太在窗前望着她。老太太青面獠牙,姑娘一见心惊胆战,打算赶快逃走。谁知老太太大声嚷嚷起来:“亲爱的,你干嘛害怕呢?就留在我这儿吧!要是你愿意在这儿好好干家务活儿,我保你过得舒舒服服的。你千万要当心,一定要整理好我的床铺,使劲儿抖我的床垫,要抖得羽绒四处飘飞,这样世界上就下雪了。我是霍勒大妈。”

老太太说这番话时,和颜悦色,姑娘于是鼓起勇气,答应留下来替她做家务事。她尽力做好每件事情,使老太太心满意足。抖床垫时,她使出全身力气,抖得羽绒像雪花儿似的四处飘飞。因此,老太太对她也很好,使她生活得挺舒适,每天盘中有肉,要么是炖的,要么是烧的。

就这样过了一段时间之后,姑娘渐渐变得忧心忡忡起来,一开始她自己也不明白是怎么回事,后来终于明白了,原来是想家啦。在霍勒大妈家里的生活比起在继母家里的生活,真是一个天上,一个地下,可尽管这样,她依然归心似箭。最后,她对霍勒大妈吐露了自己的心事:“我现在很想家。在这下面,我事事称心如意,可我再也呆不下去了,我得回到上面的亲人身边。”

霍勒大妈听后回答说:“你想回到家人身边,我听了很高兴。你在我这儿做事尽心尽力,我很满意,那么我就亲自送你上去吧。”

说罢,霍勒大妈牵着姑娘的手,领着她来到一扇大门前。大门洞开,姑娘刚刚站到门下,一粒粒的金子就像雨点般落在她身上,而且都牢牢地粘附在她衣服上,结果她浑身上下全是金子。

“你一直很勤劳,这是你应得的回报。”霍勒大妈对她说,说着又把她掉进井里的纺锤还给了她。

忽然,大门砰的一声就关上了,姑娘又回到了上面的世界,她就站在她继母家的附近。她走进院子的时候,蹲在辘轳上的大公鸡咯咯地叫了起来:

“咯……咯……咯……咯……,

咱们的金姑娘回来啰!”

她走进继母的房间,因为浑身上下粘满了金子,继母和妹妹亲热地接待了她。

姑娘跟他们讲述了自己惊心动魄的经历。继母听完了她获得这么多金子的过程,就打算让她那个又丑又懒的女儿也享有这么多的金子,于是她把这个女儿打发到井边去纺线。为了使纺锤染上血污,这个姑娘就把手伸进刺篱笆里,将自己的手指扎破。然后,她把纺锤投入井里,自己也随即跳了进去。

在井里,她像姐姐一样,先是来到一片美丽的草地,然后顺着同一条小路往前走去。她走到烤炉前时,面包冲着她大声叫喊:“快把我取出来,快把我取出来,不然我就要被烤焦啦。”可这个懒惰的姑娘听了却回答说:“谢谢,我才不想弄脏我的手。”说完继续往前赶路。

不大一会儿,她便来到苹果树下,果树跟上次一样喊叫着:“摇一摇我啊,摇一摇我啊,满树的苹果全都熟透啦。”

她回答道:“当然可以呀,可苹果落下来会砸着我的脑袋。”说完继续赶路。

来到霍勒大妈的小房子前时,因为她听姐姐说过老太太青面獠牙,所以见了面一点儿也不感到害怕。第一天,丑姑娘心里始终惦记着作为奖赏的金子,所以强打起精神,装成很勤快的样子,而且事事都照着老太太的意愿来做。可到了第二天,她就懒起来了;第三天呢,她懒得更加不像话,早上甚至赖在床上不想起来,连整理好霍勒大妈的床铺这件事也给忘记了,更不用说抖床垫,抖得羽绒四处飘飞了。几天下来,老太太已经受够了,就预先告诉她,她被解雇了。懒姑娘一听,满心欢喜,心里想道:“该下金雨啦!”

霍勒大妈领着她来到那扇大门前,可当她站到门下时,非但没有金子落下来,劈头盖脸地泼了她一身的却是一大锅沥青。“这就是你应得的回报。”霍勒大妈对她说,说完便关上了大门。

懒姑娘就这样回到了家里,浑身上下糊满了沥青。蹲在辘轳上的大公鸡看见了她就咯咯地叫了起来:

“咯……咯……咯……咯……,

咱们的脏姑娘回来啰!”

懒姑娘身上的沥青粘得很牢,无论怎样冲洗也无济于事,她只好就这样一辈子啦。

霍勒大妈英文版

Mother Hulda

A widow had two daughters; one was pretty and industrious, the other was ugly and lazy. And as the ugly one was her own daughter, she loved her much the best, and the pretty one was made to do all the work, and be the drudge of the house. Every day the poor girl had to sit by a well on the high road and spin until her fingers bled. Now it happened once that as the spindle was bloody, she dipped it into the well to wash it; but it slipped out of her hand and fell in. Then she began to cry, and ran to her step-mother, and told her of her misfortune; and her stepmother scolded her without mercy, and said in her rage: "As you have let the spindle fall in, you must go and fetch it out again!" Then the girl went back again to the well, not knowing what to do, and in the despair of her heart she jumped down into the well the same way the spindle had gone. After that she knew nothing; and when she came to herself she was in a beautiful meadow, and the sun was shining on the flowers that grew round her. And she walked on through the meadow until she came to a baker's oven that was full of bread; and the bread called out to her: "Oh, take me out, take me out, or I shall burn; I am baked enough already!" Then she drew near, and with the baker's peel she took out all the loaves one after the other. And she went farther on till she came to a tree weighed down with apples, and it called out to her: "Oh, shake me, shake me, we apples are all of us ripe!" Then she shook the tree until the apples fell like rain, and she shook until there were no more to fall; and when she had gathered them together in a heap, she went on farther. At last she came to a little house, and an old woman was peeping out of it, but she had such great teeth that the girl was terrified and about to run away, only the old woman called her back. "What are you afraid of, my dear child? Come and live with me, and if you do the house-work well and orderly, things shall go well with you. You must take great pains to make my bed well, and shake it up thoroughly, so that the feathers fly about, and then in the world it snows, for I am Mother Hulda." As the old woman spoke so kindly, the girl took courage, consented, and went to her work. She did everything to the old woman's satisfaction, and shook the bed with such a will that the feathers flew about like snow-flakes: and so she led a good life, had never a cross word, but boiled and roast meat every day. When she had lived a long time with Mother Hulda, she began to feel sad, not knowing herself what ailed her; at last she began to think she must be home-sick; and although she was a thousand times better off than at home where she was, yet she had a great longing to go home. At last she said to her mistress: "I am homesick, and although I am very well off here, I cannot stay any longer; I must go back to my own home." Mother Hulda answered: "It pleases me well that you should wish to go home, and, as you have served me faithfully, I will undertake to send you there!" She took her by the hand and led her to a large door standing open, and as she was passing through it there fell upon her a heavy shower of gold, and the gold hung all about her, so that she was covered with it. "All this is yours, because you have been so industrious," said Mother Hulda; and, besides that, she returned to her her spindle, the very same that she had dropped in the well. And then the door was shut again, and the girl found herself back again in the world, not far from her mother's house; and as she passed through the yard the cock stood on the top of the well and cried:

"Cock-a-doodle doo!

Our golden girl has come home too!"

Then she went in to her mother, and as she had returned covered with gold she was well received.

So the girl related all her history, and what had happened to her, and when the mother heard how she came to have such great riches she began to wish that her ugly and idle daughter might have the same good fortune. So she sent her to sit by the well and spin; and in order to make her spindle bloody she put her hand into the thorn hedge. Then she threw the spindle into the well, and jumped in herself. She found herself, like her sister, in the beautiful meadow, and followed the same path, and when she came to the baker's oven, the bread cried out: "Oh, take me out, take me out, or I shall burn; I am quite done already!" But the lazy-bones answered: "I have no desire to black my hands," and went on farther. Soon she came to the apple-tree, who called out: "Oh, shake me, shake me, we apples are all of us ripe!" But she answered: "That is all very fine; suppose one of you should fall on my head," and went on farther. When she came to Mother Hulda's house she did not feel afraid, as she knew beforehand of her great teeth, and entered into her service at once. The first day she put her hand well to the work, and was industrious, and did everything Mother Hulda bade her, because of the gold she expected; but the second day she began to be idle, and the third day still more so, so that she would not get up in the morning. Neither did she make Mother Hulda's bed as it ought to have been made, and did not shake it for the feathers to fly about. So that Mother Hulda soon grew tired of her, and gave her warning, at which the lazy thing was well pleased, and thought that now the shower of gold was coming; so Mother Hulda led her to the door, and as she stood in the doorway, instead of the shower of gold a great kettle full of pitch was emptied over her. "That is the reward for your service," said Mother Hulda, and shut the door. So the lazy girl came home all covered with pitch, and the cock on the top of the well seeing her, cried:

"Cock-a-doodle doo!

Our dirty girl has come home too!"

And the pitch remained sticking to her fast, and never, as long as she lived, could it be got off.

霍勒大妈读后感

文章中一个姑娘勤劳,一个姑娘懒惰,她们形成了鲜明的对比,她们的结局也不同。这告诉我们,做人应该勤劳,自己该做的事情要做好,懒惰的人是不会有收获的。文章中懒惰的姑娘想要不劳而获,这也给了我们一些启示,世上没有不劳而获的东西,想要的东西都需要通过勤劳的双手而获得。

霍勒大妈作者

雅各·格林和威廉·格林兄弟是德国童话搜集家、语言文化研究者。因两人兴趣相近,经历相似,合作研究语言学、搜集和整理民间童话与传说,故称“格林兄弟”。他们生于哈垴一个多子女的法学家家庭,同在卡塞尔上学,同在马尔堡学习法律,后又同在卡塞尔图书馆工作,1830年同时担任格廷根大学教授。1837年因抗议汉诺威国王任意破坏宪法,同其他五位教授一起被免去教授职务。1840年任柏林科学院院士、柏林大学教授,直至他们去世。格林兄弟兴趣广泛,涉猎范围很广。1812年到1815年,他们搜集整理的《儿童与家庭童话集》出版。该书奠定了民间童话中引人入胜的“格林体”叙述方式,对19世纪以来的世界儿童文学产生了深远的影响。

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